Learning Disabilities is a very common neurological condition among children. Despite this, some parents and teachers underestimate the condition due to a lack of knowledge regarding the condition. They assume that child is lazy or not attending much. Thus, they will punish the child which makes the condition worse. In fact, they need special attention to reach the level of normal children and to achieve their goals. So, it is very important for parents, teachers, and caregivers to be aware of learning disabilities. Learning disability is an umbrella term for several learning disorders, which affect the brain’s ability to transmit, receive and process information. Children with a learning disability may have trouble in reading, writing, doing math, or understanding directions. The four most common learning disabilities are:
· Dyslexia: - Difficulty in reading
· Dysgraphia: - Difficulty in writing
· Dyscalculia: - Difficulty in numerical organization and understanding
· Dyspraxia: - Difficulty planning and coordinating physical movements
It is very important to note that a learning disability is not a mental illness. As well, it doesn’t mean that the children are weak or lazy.
Detecting learning disabilities in childhood itself is very important. Meanwhile, it is very complex. Children may have difficulty in reading, writing, pronouncing simple words or letters, recognizing letters or numbers, following rules and regulations, poor memory, etc. It is very easy to underestimate that child is lazy. Besides, we must rule out whether the child has any physical impairments like hearing, vision, etc. Learning disabilities cannot be cured. But early intervention and support will help children to improve their skills and to be successful. Even though such children find difficulties in some areas, they will be skillful in some other areas.
Parents and teachers need to identify their strengths and encourage in those areas in early childhood itself. It will help them to overcome their condition. With support, they can learn to adapt and improve their weak points. If you find any such learning disabilities in your children, you should seek professional help for better support. Parents, teachers, and experts need to work together for a better result.
Specialists can help children to learn more effectively by using suitable learning strategies. Furthermore, private tutoring can also be promoted in order to provide more attention, which will enable tutors to identify the strengths and weaknesses of each child. Meanwhile, they should get individual as well as family counseling for emotional support and to improve their social skills.
Parents and teachers should monitor children's progress and ensure the strategies used are effective. Likewise, parents should make sure that children have a good atmosphere at home for their studies.